Course Name Code Semester T+U Hours Credit ECTS
State and Society In The Middle East UOC 508 0 3 + 0 3 7
Precondition Courses
Recommended Optional Courses
Course Language Turkish
Course Level yuksek_lisans
Course Type Optional
Course Coordinator Prof.Dr. ALİ BALCI
Course Lecturers
Course Assistants Zana Baykal
Course Category
Course Objective The objective of the State and Society in the Middle East course will be to familiarise the participants with the major issues and developments pertinent to people and various states of the ME. At the end of the lectures, the students are expected to be able to have a better understanding of the processes leading up to current nation states and various forms of state institutions in the ME and be able to critically assess the issues of democracy, religious fundamentalism, human rights etc. in relation to the pertinent historical and regional underpinnings.
The primary objective of the State and Society in the Middle East course is to familiarise the participants with the major issues and developments pertinent to people and various states of the ME.
İn this respect the course aims that the students will have:
 Have a better understanding of the processes leading up to current nation states and various forms of state institutions in the ME;
 Be able to critically assess the issues of democracy, religious fundamentalism, human rights etc. in relation to the pertinent historical and regional underpinnings;
 Be able to relate their theoretical and historical readings to the contemporary politics in the region;
 Develop a comparative perspective to various ME countries with respect to their interactions inside and outside the region;
 Be able to perceive and address adequately to the recent happenings in the ME and contribute to a constructive discussion of the matter.
Course Content In order to achieve the aforementioned objectives, the general outline of the course will be as follows:
1. Introduction
2. State and State Formation in the Middle East
3. Colonial Legacy and Authoritarianism in the ME
4. People and Religion: Sectarian Conflicts and Umma as an Utopia
5. Political Movements after the 19th Century
6. Palestine: unfinished chapter of Colonialism
7. Before and After the Iraqi War
8. Between Oil and Religion: the cases of Saudi Arabia and Iran
9. Secularisation in the ME: Turkey as a model country
10. Democracy as a Panacea for the Region
11. The Arab Spring and its Ramifications
12. Media and Human Rights in the ME
13. The Syrian Conflict
14. A General Overview: The Middle East Today
# Course Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1 At the end of this lecture students will be able to have an understanding of the objectives and contents of this course and a general idea of how the course will be implemented. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
2 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to comprehend the main approaches to state formation in general and the ways the Middle Eastern states have come into being. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
3 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to understand the main historical and political underpinnings of the current authoritarianism in the Middle East. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
4 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to achieve an understanding of one of the major sources of conflict in the Middle East, i.e., religious clashes and secterian conflicts. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
5 At the end of this lecture the students wii be able to assess how various political gorups and movements have shaped state formation and policy making in the Middle East. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
6 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to systematically track the historical and political underpinnings of the current Palestine-Israel conflict. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
7 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to evaluate the role of external actors in the region, especially with regard to politics of intervention before and in the aftermath of the Iraqi War. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
8 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to understand the economical and power related aspects of the clash between Shia and Sunni Islam with regard to the role of their major representative states, i.e. Iran and Saudi Arabia. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
9 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to have a closer look at the development of secularism in Turkey and its effect on the fellow Middle Eastern states. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Case Study, Testing, Homework,
10 At the end of this lecture the srudents will be able understand and discuss the issue of the compatibility of Islam and democracy with a view to the historical development the Middle Eastern states have undergone.
11 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to reflect on the current revolts in the Middle East and their ramifications for the global and regional politics.
12 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to direct a critical view on the role of media in the politics of the Middle East and its realiton with essential human rights and their violation.
13 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to have a wider perspective to the current Syrian crisis and the actors involved in.
14 At the end of this lecture the students will be able to wrap up and use all the knowledge they have acquired throughout this course to have a say and their own perspective on the historical and current socio-political developments in the Middle East.
Week Course Topics Preliminary Preparation
1 Introduction 1,2 (see sources)
2 State and State Formation in the Middle East 3,4 (see sources)
3 Colonial Legacy and Authoritarianism in the ME 5, 6 (see sources)
4 People and Religion: Sectarian Conflicts and Umma as an Utopia 7 (see sources)
5 Political Movements after the 19th Century 8, 9,10 (see sources)
6 Palestine: unfinished chapter of Colonialism 11, 12 (see sources)
7 Before and After the Iraqi War 13, 14 (see sources)
8 Between Oil and Religion: the cases of Saudi Arabia and Iran 15 (see sources)
9 Secularisation in the ME: Turkey as a model country 16, 17 (see sources)
10 Democracy as a Panacea for the Region 18 (see sources)
11 The Arab Spring and its Ramifications 19 (see sources)
12 Media and Human Rights in the ME 20 (see sources)
13 The Syrian Conflict 20 (see sources)
14 A General Overview: The Middle East Today 21 (see sources)
Resources
Course Notes I. History <br>Gelvin, James. (2007) The modern Middle East: A History. Oxford University Press.<br>Hourani, A. H. (1991). A history of the Arab peoples. London.: Faber and Faber.<br>Morris, B. (1994). 1948 and after: Israel and the Palestinians. Oxford New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press.<br>Said, E. W. (1979). Orientalism (1st Vintage Books ed.). New York: Vintage.<br><br>II. State Formation<br>Anderson, L. (1986). The state and social transformation in Tunisia and Libya, 1830-1980. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.<br>Anderson, Lisa. (1987). "The State in the Middle East and North Africa," Comparative Politics 20:1 (October): 1-18.<br>Ayubi, N. N. M. (1995). Over-stating the Arab state: politics and society in the Middle East. London ; New York: I.B. Tauris.<br>Owen, R. (2004). State, power and politics in the making of the modern Middle East (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.
Course Resources Al-Rasheed, M. (2002). A history of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ansari, A. i. (2003). Modern Iran since 1921: the Pahlavis and after. London ; New York: Longman.
Fromkin, D. (2001). A peace to end all peace: the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the creation of the modern Middle East (1st Owl Books ed.). New York: H. Holt.
Halliday, F. (1995). Islam and the myth of confrontation: religion and politics in the Middle East. London ; New York: I.B. Tauris.
Hodgson, M. G. S. (1974). The venture of Islam: conscience and history in a world civilization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ibn, K. u., & Rosenthal, F. (1967). The Muqaddimah : an introduction to history (2d ed.). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Keddie, N. R., Richard, Y., & Keddie, N. R. (2003). Modern Iran : roots and results of revolution. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Lewis, B. (2002). The emergence of modern Turkey / Bernard Lewis (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Marr, P. (1985). The modern history of Iraq. Boulder: London: Westview; Longman.
Mecham, R. Quinn. (2004). "From the ashes of virtue, a promise of light: the transformation of political Islam in Turkey." Third World Quarterly 25:2 (April): 339-358.
Mitchell, R. P. (1993). The Society of the Muslim Brothers. New York: Oxford University Press.
Morris, B. (1997). Israel´s border wars, 1949-1956 : Arab infiltration, Israeli retaliation, and the countdown to the Suez War. Oxford
Mottahedeh, Roy (1986). The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran. London: Chatto and Windus.
Pollack, K. M. (2002). Arabs at war: military effectiveness, 1948-1991. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Qaradawi, Y. u. (1992). Priorities of the Islamic movement in the coming phase (1st ed.). Cairo: al-Dar.
Qutb, S. (1970). Social justice in Islam. New York,: Octagon Books.
Tibi, B. (1993). Conflict and war in the Middle East, 1967-91 : regional dynamic and the superpowers. Houndmills: Macmillan Press.
Tripp, C. (2007). A history of Iraq (3rd ed.). Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Vatikiotis, P. J. (1978). Nasser and his generation. London: C. Helm.
Zubaida, S. (1989). Islam, the people and the state : essays on political ideas and movements in the Middle East. London ; New York: Routledge.
Evaluation System
Semester Studies Contribution Rate
1. Ara Sınav 25
1. Ödev 37
2. Ödev 38
Total 100
1. Yıl İçinin Başarıya 20
1. Final 80
Total 100
ECTS - Workload Activity Quantity Time (Hours) Total Workload (Hours)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 3 48
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 4 64
Assignment 2 20 40
Final examination 1 20 20
Total Workload 172
Total Workload / 25 (Hours) 6.88
dersAKTSKredisi 7