Course Name Code Semester T+U Hours Credit ECTS
Earth Structure and Geodynamics JFM 625 0 3 + 0 3 6
Precondition Courses
Recommended Optional Courses
Course Language Turkish
Course Level Doctorate Degree
Course Type Optional
Course Coordinator Prof.Dr. MURAT UTKUCU
Course Lecturers
Course Assistants
Course Category Available Basic Education in the Field
Course Objective

To give knowledge of the Earth’s structure and dynamics to the graduate students studying topics directly or indirectly related Earth Sciences in order to illuminate the origins and fundamentals of the dynamic processes encountered through their studies. To explain in detail the geodynamics of Turkey and surroundings along with the results of the current research projects.

Course Content

Importance of seismology in the understanding of Earth’ structure; Velocity structure and composition of the Earth’s crust, mantle and core; phase-mineral transformations and importance; depth gradient of the seismic velocity and its correlation with phase transformations; imaging internal structure of the Earth with seismic wave propagation; convection currents in the mantle; the evidences provided by the Earth magnetic field variations for the dynamic Earth’s crust; relating Earth’s dynamic structure with plate tectonics concept; detailed features of the subduction process; the force acting on the subducted slab; seismological evidences for the subducting slab and dehydration process; the problem of the deep earthquake mechanisms; detailed geodynamics of the Turkey and surroundings with information coming from current studies.

# Course Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1 Realizes the upper mantle discontinuities and their importance with respect to Earth sciences. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing, Performance Task,
2 Understands fundamentals of the seismic tomography method. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing, Performance Task,
3 Explains variations of the structural properties and the observed dynamic processes along the downgoing slab. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing,
4 Categorizes the causes of plate motions by means of their cause of generation. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing,
5 Expresses the crustal and the upper mantle structures and the plate motions in Turkey and its vicinity by giving examples from the current studies. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing, Homework, Performance Task,
6 Discusses the dynamic processes observed in the crust and the upper mantle in Turkey and its vicinity in the light of the seismological and geodetic data recovered by the recent studies. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing, Homework, Performance Task,
Week Course Topics Preliminary Preparation
1 Geodynamic concept in earth sciences and its importance
2 Structure of the Earth, their properties and Seismology
3 Phase transformations and their affect on the earthquake wave propagation
4 Exploring the Earth structure with the earthquake wave propagation
5 The Earth magnetic field and its temporal variability
6 Variations in the Earth magnetic field and dynamic Earth’s crust
7 Relating Earth’s dynamic structure with plate tectonics concept
8 Subduction zones and their detailed structure
9 Seismologic evidences of the subduction zones and related phenomena
10 Deep earthquakes and proposed mechanisms
11 Geodynamics of Turkey and surroundings: General view
12 Geodynamics of Turkey and surroundings: Current studies
13 Geodynamics of Turkey and surroundings: The problems to be solved
14 General review and discussion
Course Notes <p>Prof.Dr. Murat UTKUCU,&nbsp;&nbsp;Earth&rsquo;s structure and Geodynamics preentations.</p>
Course Resources

Fowler, C.M.R, The solid earth, Cambridge University press, 472 pp., 1990.

Butler, R., Paleomagnetism: Magnetic Domains to Geologic Terranes, Arizona University, 1992.

W.-J. Su, R. L. Woodward and A. M., Dziewonski, Degree-12 Model of Shear Velocity Heterogeneity in the Mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 99(4) 4945-4980, 1994.

Lay, T and T.C. Wallace, Modern Global Seismology, San Diego, CA., USA, Academic Pres, 1995.

Lowrie, W., Fundementals of Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, 354 pp, 1997.

McClusky, S., Balassanian, S., Barka, A., Demir, C., Ergintav, S., Georgıev, I., Gürkan, O., Hamburger, M., Hurst, K., Kahle, H., Kastens, K., Nadarıya, M., Ouzounıs, A., Paradissis, D., Peter, Y., Prilepin, M., Reilinger, R., Şanli, I., Seeger, H., Tealeb, A., Toksöz, M.N. and Veis, G., GPS constraints on plate kinematics and dynamics in the Eastern Mediterrenean and Caucasus, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5695-5719, 2000.

Stein, S. And Wysession, M., An introduction to seismology, earthquakes, and earth structure, Blackwell Publishing,498 pp, 2003.

Sandvol, E., T¨urkelli, N. and Barazangi, M., The Eastern Turkey Seismic Experiment: The study of a young continent-continent collision, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(24), 8038, doi:10.1029/2003GL018912, 2003.

Order Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 ability to access wide and deep information with scientific researches in the field of Engineering, evaluate, interpret and implement the knowledge gained in his/her field of study
2 ability to complete and implement “limited or incomplete data” by using the scientific methods.
3 ability to consolidate engineering problems, develop proper method(s) to solve and apply the innovative solutions to them
4 ability to develop new and original ideas and method(s), to develop new innovative solutions at design of system, component or process
5 gain comprehensive information on modern techniques, methods and their borders which are being applied to engineering
6 ability to design and apply analytical, modelling and experimental based research, analyze and interpret the faced complex issues during the design and apply process
7 gain high level ability to define the required information and data
8 ability to work in multi-disciplinary teams and to take responsibility to define approaches for complex situations
9 systematic and clear verbal or written transfer of the process and results of studies at national and international environments
10 aware of social, scientific and ethical values guarding adequacy at all professional activities and at the stage of data collection, interpretation and announcement
11 aware of new and developing application of profession and ability to analyze and study on those applications
12 ability to interpret engineering application’s social and environmental dimensions and it’s compliance with the social environment
Evaluation System
Semester Studies Contribution Rate
1. Ara Sınav 50
1. Ödev 25
1. Performans Görevi (Seminer) 25
Total 100
1. Yıl İçinin Başarıya 50
1. Final 50
Total 100
ECTS - Workload Activity Quantity Time (Hours) Total Workload (Hours)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 3 48
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 3 48
Mid-terms 1 15 15
Assignment 1 10 10
Performance Task (Seminar) 1 10 10
Final examination 1 15 15
Total Workload 146
Total Workload / 25 (Hours) 5.84
dersAKTSKredisi 6