Course Name Code Semester T+U Hours Credit ECTS
Organology TBB 423 7 2 + 2 3 5
Precondition Courses
Recommended Optional Courses
Course Language Turkish
Course Level Bachelor's Degree
Course Type Optional
Course Coordinator Öğr.Gör. EMEL DEMİRGEN
Course Lecturers
Course Assistants
Course Category
Course Objective

Organology emerged as a science as in the XVII century. However, studies’ course in Turkey has been more different than organology studies in Europe. When researches conducted in the early years of Republic of Turkey are examined, it is seen that written works about instruments are few, works entered into literature of this period were written after compilation works of institutions such as conservatory and radio. Even if they have no intention of introducing instruments, they are first studies giving information about instruments. Furthermore, after establishment of conservatory providing Turkish Music education, academic studies about Turkish Music and instruments began Therefore, the first part of organology studies in Turkey can be classified as compilations by government authorities and as the second part, organology studies began after establishment of Turkish Music State Conservatory in İstanbul

Course Content

When we examine the historical literature of Turkish music, it is seen that various works which can constitute a source of organology have been received. A great deal of these works allow us to have information about the history, morphological characteristics and materials used in the construction of today and past instruments. As a matter of fact, the edvars which are the first source of the history of Turkish music constitute an example for the works mentioned above. In particular, it is possible to find information about the instruments played during the period when the work was written in the Eid al-Qa'ibs or in the near centuries of this turn, and it is also possible to find out the instruments which are popular in the century when the work is written, while describing the curtains used in Turkish music. It is also possible to obtain information on the classification of instruments from these works. However, although this information is the first organological information in terms of Turkish music history, it does not reflect today's scientific understanding. Indeed, academic studies on music in Turkey, XIX. the end of the century XX. It was seen that Rauf Yekta Bey and H. Sadeddin Arel were instrumental in these studies, which started before the publication of the Republic. However, XIX. The beginning of the study of the ilm-i ahvâl-i akvâm (ethnography), which was founded in the beginning of the 16th century, will cause visible increases in the work done on the instruments after the announcement of the republic.

# Course Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1 Instruments that are considered musical instruments are examined Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Drilland Practice, Homework, Project / Design,
2 It examines the genres, forms and variations of all musical instruments. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Drilland Practice, Homework, Project / Design, Performance Task,
3 It has knowledge about acoustic examinations. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Drilland Practice, Oral Exam, Homework, Performance Task,
4 Select samples from instruments around the world and compare the differences. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Drilland Practice, Homework, Performance Task,
5 It classifies the instruments. Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Drilland Practice, Homework, Project / Design, Performance Task,
Week Course Topics Preliminary Preparation
1 What is the instrument? explanation of the question Research on resources
2 Definition and scope of organology Determining research and investigation issues
3 Examination of various instrument classification systems Examination of data and other data at the source
4 Classification of instruments used in Western music Inspect instrument classifications
5 General information about string instruments Writing classification examples for pitchers
6 Strings in historical development Review the information provided in the sources
7 Physical and acoustical characteristics of violin and viola in stringed instruments Acoustic studies
8 Physical and acoustical characteristics of violoncello and contrabass in stringed instruments Acoustic studies
9 General information about wind instruments Classification and discussion of blowing instruments
10 Musical instruments in historical development General evaluation
11 Physical and acoustic characteristics of woodwind instruments Wooden blowing machines make classification and discussion
12 Physical and acoustic properties of copper-plated instruments Classification and discussion of copper blowing instruments
13 An overview General evaluation
14 Performance Application Preparation Performance Application case study
Course Notes
Course Resources

Abdullah Arseven, Çalgı Bakımı ve Onarımı, CHP Yayınları, Ankara 1946

Sue Carole DeVale, “Organizing Organology”, Selected Reports In Ethnomusicology, Issues in Organology, Ethnomusicology Publications, Los Angeles 1990, sy. VIII, s. 1-34
.Sadi Yaver Ataman, Anadolu Halk Sazları, Yerli Müzikçiler ve Halk Mûsikî Karakterleri, Bürhaneddin Matbaası, İstanbul 1938
Order Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Musicologist; learns the music with all respects by searching, arrives information and synthesis, at the same time; forms a critics view that he can percevie his environment and world. X
2 renews, interogates himself continuously in change and development, analyses new information and methods. Besides the contributions secured to musicology, works with the other diciplines and connects relations. X
3 takes up music art in many respects like education, esthetics, history; examines it; arrives deductions. X
4 follows the renevals in writing musical note and music technology. Has the ability of using technological possibilities in moving traditional music and today’s music to the future. X
5 analyses the music culture which is the very important part of national culture in historical perspektive and moves it to future. X
6 has the ability of transfering the characteristics of musicology by using the effective communication techniques of public relations to listener who are the expert or not expert. X
7 has the ability of using technological possibilities in moving traditional music and today’s music to the future. X
8 has the ability of taking up culture with the critics view which popular culture has formed, by resting on scientific information and anaylsing popular culture X
9 is candidate for science and art expertise. X
10 Besides the theories and solfej of West music, musicologist illuminates the theories and solfej, history, literature of Turkish music by supporting with instrument information. While compassing his own national music and moving it to future, musicologist gives scientific information to examine and compare Europa and world music at adequate level. X
11 secures sufficient materials, source and archive support retaled to area. X
12 gives methods and tecniques that interrogate, analyse and synthese the themes of musicology. X
13 teaches necessary team and informations in writing musical note and music Technologies themes X
14 gives social, scientific and ethical rules in the stages of gathering, interpreting and making heard of scientific datums entered musicology. X
Evaluation System
Semester Studies Contribution Rate
1. Ara Sınav 50
1. Kısa Sınav 10
1. Ödev 20
1. Performans Görevi (Uygulama) 20
Total 100
1. Final 40
1. Yıl İçinin Başarıya 60
Total 100
ECTS - Workload Activity Quantity Time (Hours) Total Workload (Hours)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 2 32
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 2 32
Mid-terms 1 10 10
Quiz 1 10 10
Assignment 1 10 10
Performance Task (Application) 1 10 10
Final examination 1 15 15
Total Workload 119
Total Workload / 25 (Hours) 4.76
dersAKTSKredisi 5