Course Name Code Semester T+U Hours Credit ECTS
Tunnel Engineering INM 468 8 3 + 0 3 5
Precondition Courses
Recommended Optional Courses
Course Language Turkish
Course Level Bachelor's Degree
Course Type Optional
Course Coordinator Doç.Dr. AŞKIN ÖZOCAK
Course Lecturers Doç.Dr. AŞKIN ÖZOCAK,
Course Assistants
Course Category
Course Objective Providing students with general evaluations of building underground structures which are impossible to pass on a surface due to technical and economical impossibilities of a transportation or service line and discussion of their applicability.
Course Content Definition of Terms Used in Tunneling, Importance of Geology in Tunneling, Design of Tunnels, Influence of Geological Conditions in Tunnel Construction, Tunneling in Rock and Soil Environment, Problems Faced During Tunneling, Ground Improvement in Tunneling, Damages Occurred in Tunneling, Design and Supports in Tunnels, Tunneling Methods, Example Applications
# Course Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1 He/She can describe the concepts and brief history of tunnelling Lecture, Testing,
2 He/She can plan the geotechnical-geological investigation work at tunnel construction Lecture, Discussion, Testing,
3 He/She can evaluate the criteria related about tunnel design Lecture, Motivations to Show, Homework,
4 He/She can explain tunnelling methods at rock conditions Lecture, Question-Answer, Testing,
5 He/She can explain tunnelling methods at soil conditions Lecture, Question-Answer, Testing,
6 He/She can propose solutions about problems meet during tunnelling Demonstration, Case Study, Homework,
7 He/She can describe supporting methods in tunnelling Lecture, Question-Answer, Testing,
8 He/She can calculate the shear strength of rocks Drilland Practice, Problem Solving, Homework, Project / Design,
9 He/She can classify the rock mass Drilland Practice, Problem Solving, Testing,
10 He/She can calculate the support requirement Drilland Practice, Problem Solving, Homework, Project / Design,
Week Course Topics Preliminary Preparation
1 What is Tunnel, History of Tunneling
2 Terms Used in Tunneling
3 Importance of Geology in Tunneling
4 Design of Tunnels
5 Influence of Geological Conditions in Tunnel Construction
6 Tunneling in Rock Environment
7 Tunneling in Soil Environment
8 Problems Faced During Tunneling I
9 Problems Faced During Tunneling II
10 Ground Improvement in Tunneling
11 Damages Occurred in Tunneling
12 Design and Supports in Tunnels
13 Tunneling Methods
14 Example Applications
Course Notes
Course Resources
Order Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Comprehend science and advanced mathematics subjects fundamental to engineering; An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering to solve civil engineering problems X
2 An ability to analyze and model civil engineering systems specific problems, identify and define the appropriate requirements for their solutions. X
3 An ability to design, implement and evaluate a civil engineering systems, component, process or program that meets specified requirements. X
4 Use the techniques, skills, and modern tools of engineering effectively and correctly in engineering practice X
5 An ability to gather/acquire, analyze, interpret data and make decisions to understand civil engineering problems
6 An ability to work effectively in inter- and in-disciplinary teams or individually. X
7 An ability to communicate effectively in Turkish and English.
8 Recognition of the need for, and the ability to access information, to follow recent developments in science and technology and to engage in life-long learning.
9 An understanding of professional, legal, ethical and social issues and responsibilities related to computer engineering.
10 Skills in project and risk management, awareness about importance of entrepreneurship, innovation and long-term development, and recognition of international standards and methodologies.
11 An understanding about the impact of Civil  Engineering solutions in a global, environmental, societal and legal context while making decisions. X
Evaluation System
Semester Studies Contribution Rate
1. Ara Sınav 55
1. Kısa Sınav 15
1. Ödev 15
1. Performans Görevi (Seminer) 15
Total 100
1. Yıl İçinin Başarıya 60
1. Final 40
Total 100
ECTS - Workload Activity Quantity Time (Hours) Total Workload (Hours)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 3 48
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 2 32
Mid-terms 1 10 10
Assignment 1 10 10
Performance Task (Seminar) 1 10 10
Final examination 1 15 15
Total Workload 125
Total Workload / 25 (Hours) 5
dersAKTSKredisi 5