Course Name Code Semester T+U Hours Credit ECTS
Turkish Writing Systems TDE 271 3 3 + 0 3 5
Precondition Courses
Recommended Optional Courses
Course Language Turkish
Course Level Bachelor's Degree
Course Type Optional
Course Coordinator Dr.Öğr.Üyesi BAHRİ KUŞ
Course Lecturers
Course Assistants Res. Asst. Esra Kirik, Res. Asst. Bahri Kus
Course Category
Course Objective Teaching of Turkish alphabets or grasping of writing systems from beginning until 21th century. The students learn the writing systems of historical and contemporary Turkish writing systems.
Course Content Orkhon writing systems, old Uighur alphabet, Arabic-based Ottoman Turkish alphabet (manuscript and printed), Slavic-based Cyrillic alphabet (similarities and differences of writing systems of used by Turkish communities), Latin-based Turkish alphabet from Codex Cumanicus to 21th century
# Course Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1 The students define sound, letter, writing, alphabet, writing system, ligature and so on terms and they know the relationship between them Lecture, Question-Answer, Testing, Oral Exam,
2 The students know writing systems used throughout the history of the Turks and their resources, and explain the reasons for the adoption of these Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Testing, Oral Exam,
3 The students know Runic-based Orkhon alphabet, read texts with written Runic-based Orkhon alphabet and write with transcription alphabet Lecture, Drilland Practice, Motivations to Show, Self Study, Testing, Oral Exam, Homework,
4 The students can give examples related to letters having various legible in Orkhon Turkish Lecture, Discussion, Drilland Practice, Group Study, Testing, Homework,
5 The students know old Uighur writing and compare with Runic-based Orkhon alphabet Lecture, Drilland Practice, Motivations to Show, Testing, Oral Exam, Homework,
6 The students know Arabic-based Ottoman Turkish alphabet, read manuscript with Arabic-based Ottoman Turkish writing, write with transcription alphabet this writing. Drilland Practice, Motivations to Show, Self Study, Testing, Homework,
7 The students know writing styles in Ottoman Turkish, can read and compare them Discussion, Group Study, Brain Storming, Testing, Homework,
8 The students know Slavic-based Cyrillic alphabet in 20th century used by Turkish tribes. They summarize the difference between them. Lecture, Discussion, Brain Storming, Testing, Homework,
9 The students estimate about future of Latin-based Turkish writing system and develop solutions about differences of writing systems of used by Turkish Discussion, Drilland Practice, Group Study, Testing, Oral Exam, Homework,
Week Course Topics Preliminary Preparation
1 Sound, letter, writing, alphabet, writing system, ligature and so on terms. Historical development of Turkish language and alphabets used in this process. The reason for changes of alphabet. Discussion of the suitability of this alphabets for Turkish Front about the terms that are related to post information to be acquired.
2 Vowels and consonants system of Orkhon writing. Reading study on the texts with written by Orkhon alphabet (the Orkhon Inscriptions et al.). Preliminary work Kokturk writing about the system.
3 Reading and writing studies on the Orkhon Inscriptions. Bring sample texts.
4 Introduction to the old Uighur alphabet and reading passages from texts written in the alphabet. Preliminary work about Uyghur writing system.
5 Reading and writing studies on the texts of Uighur Bring sample texts.
6 Reminding of the Ottoman Turkish alphabet, reading and writing on printed texts written in the alphabet. To learn more about Ottoman Turkish writing system.
7 Reading and writing studies on printed and manuscript texts written in Arabic-based Ottoman alphabet. Bring sample texts.
8 Reading and writing with transcription alphabet studies on manuscript texts written in Arabic-based Ottoman alphabet. Bring sample texts.
9 Midterms A general repetition of the courses so far.
10 Introduction of Cyrillic alphabet, used for a period of dialects other than Turkey Turkish and Examples of different uses of this writing system to describe the Turkish dialects. Make working on the Cyrillic alphabet.
11 Reading and writing studies different texts written in Cyrillic alphabet in Turkish dialects Bring sample texts.
12 Turks in the world ever used and still in use as a comparative introduction of Latin writings. Reading studies on the text with written in the alphabet Review articles on the subject.
13 Reading of texts of literary works written in Turkish in different Latin alphabets. Bring samples of a literary text.
14 Comparison of all the writing systems used in the writing and general evaluation of Turkish. To make a general assessment before the final exam.
Course Notes User, Hatice Şirin; Başlangıcından Günümüze Türk Yazı Sistemleri, Akçağ Yayınları, Ankara, 2006.
Course Resources ARAT, Reşid Rahmeti; Eski Türk Şiiri, TDK Yayınları, Ankara, 1991.
BURAN, Prof.Dr. Ahmet- ALKAYA, Arş.Gör. Ercan; Çağdaş Türk Lehçeleri, 2. baskı, Akçağ Yayınları, Ankara, 2001.
DEVELİ, Hayati; Osmanlı Türkçesi Kılavuzu 1, Üçüncü baskı, Bilimevi, İstanbul, 2001.
ERCİLASUN, Prof. Dr. Ahmet Bican; Örneklerle Bugünkü Türk Alfabeleri, 6. baskı, Akçağ Yayınları, Ankara, 2005.
ERGİN,Prof.Dr. Muharrem; Orhun Abideleri, 22. baskı, Boğaziçi Yayınları, İstanbul, 1998.
TANYERİ, Yavuz; Göktürk Yazısı ve Orhun Türkçesi, Boğaziçi Yayınları, İstanbul, 2011.
TİMURTAŞ, Prof.Dr. Faruk Kadri; Osmanlı Türkçesine Giriş, 4. baskı, İst. Ün. Edebiyat Fak. Yayınları,
İstanbul, 1979
Order Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Students gain the ability of speaking and writing in Turkish language correctly, clearly and literary. X
2 Students be informed about Atatürk’s principles and reforms.
3 Students aim to gain knowledge of a foreign language at a level of which lets them to follow current researches about Turkish Language and Literature field.
4 Students can analyze Turkish language phonetically, grammatically, syntactically and semantically.
5 Students can evaluate texts written in Turkic languages from the beginning up to modern Turkish literary and grammatically.
6 Students recognize basic texts of Turkish Language and Literature field; can read and transcribe texts which are representatives of development of Turkic Languages. X
7 Students can evaluate theories of modern and classical literature with regards of literary movements and literary theories and can make critical in point of literature and linguistics.
8 Students can make literary and interdisciplinary scientific researches about literary periods, literary movements and authors in a sense of professional liability.
9 Students comprehend contents of knowledge of dialects and accents; can analyze texts belonging to Turkey Turkish dialects.
10 Students can make researches about folklore by learning required methods and technics.
11 Students gain the basic knowledge and skills of the ability of making researches and studies in Turkish Language and Literature field. X
12 Students can apply and use their knowledge in academy and in public services which they have gained by their education in Turkish Language and Literature department. X
13 Students gain the awareness of necessity of lifelong learning and gain skills to put it into practice. X
14 Students look out for professional liability and moral values in Turkish Language and Literature field. X
Evaluation System
Semester Studies Contribution Rate
1. Ara Sınav 60
1. Kısa Sınav 10
2. Kısa Sınav 10
1. Ödev 20
Total 100
1. Yıl İçinin Başarıya 50
1. Final 50
Total 100
ECTS - Workload Activity Quantity Time (Hours) Total Workload (Hours)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 3 48
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 3 48
Mid-terms 1 3 3
Quiz 2 1 2
Assignment 1 3 3
Final examination 1 10 10
Total Workload 114
Total Workload / 25 (Hours) 4.56
dersAKTSKredisi 5