Course Name Code Semester T+U Hours Credit ECTS
History Of Islamic Sect ILA 208 4 2 + 0 2 3
Precondition Courses <p>None.</p>
Recommended Optional Courses
Course Language Turkish
Course Level Bachelor's Degree
Course Type Compulsory
Course Coordinator Dr.Öğr.Üyesi MUHAMMED MÜCAHİD DÜNDAR
Course Assistants
Course Category Available Basic Education in the Field
Course Objective

This course´s main aims are to gain general notion to the students about various Islamic sects; to improve critical, comprehensive and coherent thinking on religion and sects; to constitute the idea that Islamic sects should be understood as different interpretations of Islam and they should not identified with Islam; to intensify the mentality that diversities are respected.

Course Content

Description of "Islamic sects"; its aim, scope, and methodology; basic concepts and sources; reasons of the formation of Islamic sects ; the earliest political and theological diversifications in religious understanding and the process of institutionalize; the Kharijites, the Murjia, Mutazila sect and the schools of Basra and Baghdad, Shiite sects, Sunnism; the reasons which are effective in the emergence of these sects; their formative periods, fundamental principles; the sub-sects; the areas they lived.

# Course Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1 Define the description of "Islamic sects" and its aim, scope, and methodology Lecture, Question-Answer, Discussion, Brain Storming, Testing, Homework,
2 Evaluate having a general notion of basic Islamic sects and their formative periods Brain Storming, Discussion, Question-Answer, Lecture, Homework, Testing,
3 Describe the fundamental principles of Islamic sects and their big scholars Brain Storming, Discussion, Question-Answer, Lecture, Homework, Testing,
4 Analyse the Islamic sects carefully and scientifically Brain Storming, Discussion, Question-Answer, Lecture, Homework, Testing,
5 Evaluate the description of the formative periods of the sects, their aims, scopes, methodologies, Brain Storming, Discussion, Question-Answer, Lecture, Homework, Testing,
6 Analyse contributions of Islamic sects to the Islamic Thought Brain Storming, Discussion, Question-Answer, Lecture, Homework, Testing,
Week Course Topics Preliminary Preparation
1 Course of the History of Islamic Sects aim, field, method, certain concepts
2 SClasical sources of history of Islamic sects and their features, classification of sects and the judgement of sects separation
3 The first controversies and reasons which cause sect separation
4 The sect of Kharijites and Ibadiyyah
5 The sect of Murjia and Mutazila
6 The sect of Shia and basic information, Zaydism
7 The school of Ismailism and Imamiyyah
8 Nusayris and basic opinions
9 Druze and basic opinions
10 Yezidism and basic opinions
11 Kadiyanism and basic opinions
12 Wahhabism, emergence, basic opinions and influences
13 Bahaism, emergence and basic opinions
14 The Ahl al-Sunna; Salafiyya, Maturidism, Asharism,
Course Notes
Course Resources

[1] Abdurrahman Bedevi, Mezâhibul-İslâmiyyîn, Beyrut 1996.
[2] Bağdadî, Mezhepler Arasındaki Farklar, çev. Ethem Ruhi Fığlalı, İstanbul 1991.
[3] E. Ruhi Fığlalı, İmâmiyye Şîası, İstanbul 1984.
[4] Eşârî, Makalâtül-İslâmiyyîn ve İhtilafül-Musallîn, thk.Helmut Ritter, Weisbaden 1980.
[5] Hasan Onat, Emeviler Devri Şii Hareketleri ve Günümüz Şiiliği, Ankara 1993.
[6] İbn Hazm, el-Fasl Fîl-Milel vel-Ehvâ ven-Nihal, Beyrut 1986.
[7] İmam Maturidi ve Maturidilik, (ed. Sönmez Kutlu), Ankara 2003.
[8] Kummî ve Nevbahtî, Kitâbul-Makâlât vel-Fırak ve Fırakuş-Şîa, çev. Hasan Onat-Sabri Hizmetli-Sönmez Kutlu-Ramazan Şimşek, Ankara 2004;
[9] Muhammed Ebû Zehra, İslâm´da Siyâsî ve İtikâdî Mezhepler Tarihi, çev: E. Ruhi Fığlalı-O. Eskicioğlu, İstanbul 1970.
[10] Sönmez Kutlu, Türklerin İslâmlaşma Sürecinde Mürcie ve Tesirleri, Ankara 2000.
[11] Şehristani, el-Milel ven-Nihal, tahik. Abdulemir Ali Mehna- Ali Hasan Faur, Beyrut 1993.
[12] W. Montgomery Watt, İslam Düşüncesinin Teşekkül Devri, Çev. E.Ruhi Fığlalı, Ankara 1981.
[13] Fazlurrahman, İslam, Çev. Mehmet Aydın-Mehmet Dağ, Ankara 2000.
[14] İ. Abdulhamid, İslamda İtikâdî Mezhepler ve Akâid Esasları, M. Saim Yeprem, İstanbul 1983.
[15] M.Saffet Sarıkaya, İslam Düşünce Tarihinde Mezhepler, İsparta 2001.
[16] Mustafa Öz, Başlangıçtan Günümüze İslam Mezhepleri, Ensar Neşriyat, İstanbul, 2015.
[17] W. Montgomery Watt, İslam Düşüncesinin Teşekkül Devri, Çev. E. Ruhi Fığlalı, Ankara 1981.

Order Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 S/he can recite the Quran properly and comment within the framework of scientific measurements. X
2 S/he has knowledge of Arabic language at the level of understanding classical and modern texts in the field of Theology and uses it in expressing himself/herself in oral and written communication. S/he acquires a solid knowledge of a Western European Language at least at the level of B 1 of the European Language Portfolio, using it to follow the information in the field of Theology and communicate with colleagues. X
3 S/he recognizes the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad and his physical and moral attributes and the historical process of the science of hadith, its methodology, problems, interpretation and its cultural value for the life of a Muslim. X
4 S/he can evaluate main topics of Islamic law (fiqh) which take place in classical and modern sources, comparing the Islamic law with other legal systems within the framework of comparative law. X
5 Evaluates the principles of Islamic faith and problems of Theology within the framework of reason and authentic sources using scientific methods. X
6 S/he has an adequate knowledge of the old and new religious and political movements in islamic world in the past and today. X
7 S/he has a satisfactory knowledge of the history, concepts, institutions, philosophy and main figures of Sufism.
8 S/he uses the information obtained from Religious education history, religious and modern training methods in the field of religious education. X
9 S/he is able to evaluate Religion and religious issues philosophically, sociologically and psychologically. X
10 S/he has knowledge about non-Muslim religions at the level of comparing. X
11 S/he is able to evaluate issues related to the Islamic history, civilization and science with a critical point of view. X
12 S/he has general information about the Turkish-Islamic literature and arts. X
13 S/he takes in consideration scientific, cultural and ethical values in interdisciplinary research and studies in the field of Religious Studies. X
14 S/he is able to use information and communication technologies at a level required in the field. X
Evaluation System
Semester Studies Contribution Rate
1. Ara Sınav 50
1. Kısa Sınav 15
2. Kısa Sınav 15
3. Kısa Sınav 20
Total 100
1. Yıl İçinin Başarıya 50
1. Final 50
Total 100
ECTS - Workload Activity Quantity Time (Hours) Total Workload (Hours)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 2 32
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 2 32
Mid-terms 1 5 5
Quiz 2 2 4
Final examination 1 8 8
Assignment 1 5 5
Total Workload 86
Total Workload / 25 (Hours) 3.44
dersAKTSKredisi 3